Recorders
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The following recordings feature each recorder on the reel "Swinging on a Gate."

bullet[Hohner maple Sopranino]
bullet[Adege blackwood Terton model Soprano]
bullet[Adege rosewood Terton model Alto]
bullet[Hohner pearwood Tenor]

 

left to right:  Hohner maple sopranino, Adege blackwood soprano, Adege rosewood alto

Hohner tenor recorder in pearwood.  Note the angled toneholes that keep the reach manageable.

The recorder is a kind of fipple flute which has a chromatic range of two octaves and one note, the chromaticism enabled by using cross-fingerings and doubled holes on the lowest notes.

The voice of the recorder varies according to make and ranges from very soft and sweet to a moderately loud reedy timbre reminiscent of the oboe.

Up until the late Baroque period, when a composer wrote "flute" on a score the instrument he meant was the recorder; if he wanted transverse flute he would write "flauto traverso," or just "traverso," or if in Germany, "querflote." 

The recorder has enjoyed a modern revival in Historically Informed Performance of early music, in consorts and ensembles, and as a solo instrument.