Baroque
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baroque flute in maple wood by Ralph Sweet with 2 corps for A=415 and A=440

 

Baroque Flute (or Traverso)

The Baroque flute was the direct successor to the recorder, having a broader tonal palette and dynamic range, and greater expressiveness.

The sound of the Baroque flute is mellow and sweet, and its volume range is from very soft to moderately loud when compared to later flutes.  The tone holes and embouchure are small, and with the exception of D-sharp, which is provided by a single key, the accidentals are provided by cross-fingerings, which have a shaded or veiled quality compared to the diatonic notes of the D scale.

This shading of notes, and the patterns in which they fall in each key, gives the Baroque flute much of its character and personality.  Composers were aware of the different sounds of the keys on the flute, and utilized it as an expressive device in their music, which is now lost when played on later instruments.  You cannot duplicate the mournful quality of C-minor, for instance, on the modern Boehm flute, without using other means of expression to simulate the effect.

[Adagio] from the Loeillet Sonata No. 1